Understanding the behavior of road accidents
The number of fatal accidents on Indian roads kills three people every 10 minutes, accounting for 15% of the world's road fatalities. The challenge was very real, and something had to be done about it.
While most people exercise adequate caution while driving, those selected 'blackspots' result in accidents. The primary measure to tackle roads' safe behaviors is a good, superior road design that enables smooth and safe traffic flow. But a slew of practical contingencies like paucity of land, funds and local demands lead to deviations and precipitate a critical accident spot (blackspot).
Also, data attributes over 84%i of these accidents to human error. In contrast, only 0.3% is attributed to faulty road design: illustrating that drivers deviate and adhere to unsafe practices despite being aware of safe driving practices. This indicates that the problem does not lie in awareness, but rather on that awareness not translating into action. This awareness-action gap is the biggest challenge on the Indian roads.
Accidents happened on national and state highways.
Road fatality victims are males, belonging to the most economically productive age group.
Accidents are caused due to over speeding.
Fatalities occur on straight roads, i.e. 97k out of 151.4k, indicating 'overconfidence' and 'familiarity' leading to risk-seeking behaviors.
Insight was the key
Reduction in accidents
Reduction in fatalities
Worked on 1700 Km of roads in India across various terrain & geographical features.
Addressed around 175 blackspots over the last 7 years.
26 National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) were recognized blackspots as of 2018. We have addressed 12 of them.
7 National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) were recognized blackspot among the network. 'We have worked on 1 of them as of July 2020.
Anurag is an Entrepreneur, Behavioral Science and Design Practitioner, Advisor and Mentor. In 2007, Anurag helped found Finalmile Consulting, the first Behavioral Sciences based strategy and design firm in the world. In these years, he helped build & institutionalise Behavior Architecture - a research, strategy and design process - to influence complex contexts like HIV, Sanitation, Road & Rail Safety, Financial Inclusion, Children and Adult Learning.
In his current role, he is mandated to build the Behavioral Sciences and Design practice at Fractal and institutionalise a problem solving method that integrates AI, Engineering and Design.
He is an ardent Liverpool and F1 fan with an insatiable appetite for travel, discovery and open water diving.
Biju co-founded FinalMile Consulting 12 years back and pioneered the development of Behavior Architecture practice by combining learning from Cognitive Neuroscience, Behavioral Economics and Design. He brings 18 years of brand building experience with ad agencies like JWT, Lowe Lintas, DDB.
Biju believes that to power every human decision, we need to understand and influence every human decision. The combined power of AI and Behavioral Science can be used to unravel the complexities of why humans do what they do. These insights, combined with the power of Design will help develop interventions to influence a targeted human decision.
Benis Kumar Moses
- Road Accidents in India, 2016, MoRTH; p26